1960s and 1970s
Local activists formed the Roxbury Community College Board (RCCB) in 1969, quickly establishing the group as a strong-willed and community-driven organization. The RCCB hoped to create a school that would serve the needs of Boston’s Black community, prioritizing African American studies and the role of the community in leading the college. The RCCB worked with the all-white Massachusetts Board of Regional Community Colleges (MBRCC) during the initial planning stages for the college. Over the years, the two groups would frequently clash as the RCCB struggled to maintain community control over the college.
The RCCB was frustrated by the MBRCC’s proposal to make Roxbury Community College a satellite campus of Mass Bay Community College, with Roxbury’s campus located in Dorchester. As one organizer from Roxbury put it, “Having a Roxbury Community College in Dorchester is like locating the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Providence, Rhode Island.” The RCCB insisted that the MBRCC recognize the important role Roxbury’s Black community must play in planning the school for it to truly be a community college.
Tensions came to a head when, in 1970, the MBRCC elected Dr. Lawrence Johnson as president of the college and decided to rename the school Franklin Park Community College, both without consulting the RCCB. These decisions violated a previous agreement between the parties that guaranteed the RCCB would approve decisions related to college operations.
Finally, on December 8, 1972, after the RCCB fought for recognition, the college was renamed Roxbury Community College.